types of tennis racquets

There are a lot of factors to consider when buying a new tennis racket. These things are durability, head size, and materials. The fact that there are twenty major brands to choose from makes it harder to determine. 

We’re going to discuss the types of tennis rackets, so you can choose one that fits your playing style and capacity.

1. Player’s Racquet/Control Racquet

Purpose:

Control tennis rackets are for the types of players who prefer less power for control and accuracy. 

The tennis racket under this category is for experienced players who have the necessary technique and skill to produce power. 

These control tennis rackets are for professional players who have fast and full swings. The type of racket is for hard-hitting intermediate players who benefit from this tennis racket as well. 

Design:

Control tennis rackets are the types to have a small head. The racket measures 85 – 97 inches. This type of racket has a smaller margin of error, so a player needs to be precise. 

The racket features a standard length of 27 inches, and the racket comes with a low-mid range flex at 50 – 70. This type is heavier in construction. A control racket weighs 11.6 – 12.6 oz.

PROS

CONS

2. Power Racquet

Purpose:

These power rackets fall under the category of game improvement rackets as these assist players with power and depth with lesser effort. 

The purpose of a power racket is for beginners who are still developing proper techniques, form, and skills to produce power—players with shorter compact strokes than the fast full swings of experienced players like this type of racket. 

A power racket is a good decision for smaller players as well. These types of tennis rackets are for athletes who do not have a lot of strength and prefer using power rackets. 

power

Design:

A power racket is a type to have a bigger head than control rackets. The oversized head of power rackets measures 105 inches or more. 

The bigger the head, the more power the tennis racket provides. The racket delivers more surface area for hitting, which gives you a higher margin of error. The more oversized head of these rackets makes it easier to produce topspin as well. 

The length of power rackets are longer. Power rackets give you more oomph in your swings. The lengthier your tennis racket, the more leverage you have when you swing, translating to greater oomph. These types of rackets are 29 inches or longer, which is 3 inches more than your standard racket. 

Despite being bigger, these power rackets have lighter construction, weighing at 8 – 9.5 oz. These types of rackets have a stiffer frame. A power racket features an amount of 66 or more.

PROS

CONS

3. Kid’s Racquet

Purpose

The purpose of a kid’s tennis racket is to ensure the tennis racket matches your child’s development.

These rackets call for lesser injuries while guaranteeing they are having fun on the court. 

USTA started ten and Under Tennis that provides children the right racket size and tennis balls under their age category to assist their development. (1)

Design:

Children under the four-year-old or younger category need a tennis racket that is 40 inches or less. The racket length is 19 inches.

kids

Children under the 4 – 5 years-old category need a 40 – 44 inches racquet. The tennis racket length is 21 inches. 

Children who are ten years old or older need a racket that is 55 inches or more. The racket length is 26 inches. 

Manufacturers are making junior tennis rackets with a 4-inch grip size, so the handle fits their hands for better play.

PROS

CONS

4. Tweener Racquet

Purpose

Tweener tennis rackets are the types to sit between beginner rackets and control rackets, making them intermediate-level tennis rackets

Due to its design, tweener racquets have the ability to be reliable all-around performers that deliver a wide range of tennis players.

In other words, tweener tennis rackets are good options for an intermediate-level tennis player, but these rackets are also a good option for amateurs and recreational players.

Tweener

Design:

Tweener tennis racket features a mid-sized head. These rackets are between 98 inches to 104 inches. These rackets sport a standard length of 27 inches, similar to control rackets. 

These tennis rackets feature a mid-range stiffness as well between 61 – 70. And lastly, it weighs between 9.6 – 11.5 oz.

PROS

CONS

5. Modern Player Racquet

Purpose

These rackets are lighter and faster than your traditional tennis rackets.

Professionals use these tennis rackets as the designs continue to evolve because of the heavy topspin playing style.

Design:

These advanced rackets have mid plus head sizes. The rackets are the ideal type for attacking the tennis ball with an aggressive angle at maximum spin. 

modern

These tennis rackets feature the same level as tweener rackets, and the strung weight of this racket is between 11 – 12 ounces.

The headsizes of modern player’s tennis rackets are between 98 to 100 inches.

PROS

CONS

Table of Common Characteristics

Type of Racquet Head Length Weight Stiffness
Control Racquet
85-97 in²
27 in
11.6 – 12.6 oz
50-70
Power Racquet
105 in²
27 – 29 in
8 – 9.5 oz
66 or more
Kid’s Racquet
55+ in
26 in
8.5 oz
63 - 67
Tweener Racquet
98 – 104 in²
27 in
9.6 – 11.5 oz
61-70
Modern Player Racquet
98 - 100 in²
27in
11-12 oz
62-66

Tennis Racquet Materials

Tennis Racquet Materials

Wood

Tennis rackets were traditionally made of solid wood and then laminated wood. The first racket strings categories were made from catgut.

The standard sizes of tennis racket styles were limited to the strength and weight of a wooden frame. It should be strong enough to accommodate the strings and stiff enough for a ball. 

To enhance the stiffness of tennis rackets, manufacturers added non-wood laminates to the rackets. 

The non-wood tennis racket styles are made of steel, aluminum, and finally carbon fiber composites. However, some tennis beginners are still using wooden rackets to this day. 

Graphite

Graphite models are heavier than a titanium racket, meaning it’s harder to swing when performing a powerful serve. 

If you have successfully served the ball at high impact, it’s incredibly powerful.

In comparison to other elements, graphite comes out as one of the strongest. It is worth mentioning, however, that graphite is mixed with other elements in a tennis racket.

Graphite is an occurring form of crystalline carbon, and it’s often referred to as the mineral of extremes. The reason why it’s a popular option for manufacturers because it’s soft and cleaves with light pressure. 

Its variety is resistant to heat as well, making the extreme properties good for metallurgy and manufacturing.

Metal

Metal tennis rackets are more popular than their wooden counterparts. However, they are not as popular as composite tennis rackets. These metal rackets started their popularity in 1967.

Wilson manufactured the well-known T2000. Wilson created a metal tennis racket that promises an increase in each swing. Due to its promise, the Wilson brand became the go-to choice for players in the market, leaving wooden rackets variety behind. 

Today, a metal tennis racquet is no longer a viable option as they are heavy, tough, and a little challenging to maneuver. However, they are affordable and suitable for recreational games.

metal

Titanium

Titanium and graphite are always pitted against each other, but titanium models always emerge victorious because they are lighter and stiffer than graphite. 

It delivers a better balance and maneuverability when you swing the racket. On the other hand, it does not have the same as the graphite-based tennis racket or a composite racket. 

Opting for a pure titanium tennis racket translates to a steep price, and these are hard to come by as well. 

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Composite

These tennis rackets are made from fiberglass, boron, and lastly, kevlar. It started in the early years of the ‘80s where Wilson shifted their focus on manufacturing compost tennis rackets. 

The drastic shift in the industry brought a massive wave of customer popularity for these racket types as they got plenty of advantages to the game. 

Composite rackets are way lighter than wooden and metal rackets, so it’s easier to swing. It offers great maneuverability for a powerful shot, and it’s more arm-friendly.

FAQS

A stiff tennis racket is a measurement of how much your racket bends during its contact with a ball. If the ball distorts the frame, it means the racket has more flex, translating to a lower stiffness rating.

No, a lighter tennis racket is not better. Players use heavier tennis rackets to recover from the elbow injury as it absorbs more of the impact.

Yes, a heavier racket is better. A heavy racket absorbs more impact shock, and it can train you to return faster and have more powerful shots.

Final Thoughts on Different Types of Racquets for Playing Tennis

Knowing the types of tennis rackets is the first step to becoming better. Finding out the ideal type for you speeds up your development, lessens your injuries, and allows you to have more powerful shots, which is something worth your consideration.

Beginners will benefit more by using game improvement rackets or beginner rackets. Meanwhile, more experienced players prefer using control rackets.

As you continue playing and learning more about your playing style, you’ll find out the best tennis racket types that suit you best.

References:

  1. https://www.usta.com/en/home/play/youth-tennis/programs/eastern/orange-and-green-ball-play.html

 

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